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A substantial corpus of work has been produced in the area of stabilization and transition, including lessons learned from past and current US Government and international intervention efforts.  Below, the IST offers recommended websites and publications of key documents and reference materials that we believe contribute considerably to this field of study and practice.

Recommended websites

The International Stability Operations Association (ISOA) is a global partnership of private sector and nongovernmental organizations providing critical services in fragile environments worldwide.

The Center for Complex Operations at the National Defense University conducts research, lessons learned, training and education, and improves planning and execution of inter-agency operations.

OSCE's Office for Democratic Institutions & Human Rights is active in election observations, democratic development, human rights, tolerance and non-discriminiation, and rule of law.

Small Wars Journal publishes contributed work from across the spectrum of stakeholders in small wars and conflict.

Bureau of Conflict Stability Operations supports the US Department of State's conflict and crisis response efforts through analysis, strategic planning, operational support and resources and civilian response mechanisms.

Recommended documents

National Security Presidential Directive 44: Management of Interagency Efforts Concerning Stabilization and Reconstruction, signed December 7, 2005 by President George W. Bush.

H.R. 3660: Contingency Operations & Interagency Act of 2011 would establish an Office of Contingency Operations to assume US Government responsibility for overseas stability and reconstruction operations, responsibilities currently divided up between multiple agencies.

Department of Defense Instruction 3000.05 (September 16, 2009) updates policy and assigns responsbilities for the identification and development of DoD capabilities to support stability operations.

Joint Publication 3-57.1. Joint Doctrine for Civil Affairs (April 14, 2003).  Provides planning guidance for and considerations for the use of designated civil affairs (CA) and the use of CA activities in support of the Joint Force Commander (JFC) across the range of military operations.

The First Quadrennial Diplomacy & Development Review: Leading Through Civilian Power provides a blueprint for elevating US civilian power to better the national interest and serve as a better partner to the US military (US Department of State, 2010).

Agency Stovepipes vs. Strategic Agility: Lessons We Need to Learn from Provincial Reconstruction Teams in Iraq and Afghanistan. US House of Representatives Committee on Armed Services Subcommittee on Oversight & Investigations, April 2008.

United Nations Resolution 2122 on Women and Peace and Security creates an international roadmap for a systematic approach to implementing international commitments on women, peace and security, while confirming the importance of women involvement in conflict prevention and democratic transition.

The Review of Electoral Legislation and Practices in the OSCE Participating States (October 15, 2013) measures Member States' electoral laws and practices against the international standards for democratic elections and good electoral practices set forth in the 1990 OSCE Copenhagen Document.

Other materials


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